Seismic hazard assessment under complex source size distribution of mining-induced seismicity

Lasocki, Stanislaw and Orlecka-Sikora, Beata (2008) Seismic hazard assessment under complex source size distribution of mining-induced seismicity. Tectonophysics, 456 (1-2). pp. 28-37. DOI:

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It is well-documented that a variety of factors controlling the rockmass fracturing process in mines often results in a complexity of mining event size distribution. In such cases, the estimation of the probability functions of source size parameterizations, with the use of presently known distribution models, brings about an unacceptable and systematic over- or underestimation of the seismic hazard parameters. It is, therefore, recommended that the non-parametric, kernel estimators of the event size distribution functions, be applied to stationary hazard studies in mining seismicity. These data-driven estimators, adapted to seismic source size characterization, accurately fit all kinds of data underlying distributions, regardless of their complexity. Recently, the non-parametric approach to size characterization was supported by a special method of uncertainty analysis based on resampling techniques. At present, it is a fully developed method, which provides point and interval estimates of size distribution functions and related hazard parameters. Two examples of its use in studying mining seismic data are presented and discussed in this paper. The analyzed data sets were recorded in two different copper mines in Poland. The smoothed bootstrap test for multimodality, which is a specialized tool for investigating the shapes of probability densities, provided highly significant proof that in both cases the probability densities of source size parameterization were complex thus implied the superiority of the non-parametric estimation to the classic, model-based approach in the studied cases. The data were then used to construct non-parametric, kernel estimates of the source size cumulative distribution function (CDF), the exceedance probability and the mean return period. Furthermore, confidence intervals for these quantities were also estimated. The intervals for CDF were narrow, showing that the procedures of non-parametric estimation and resampling based uncertainty analysis were precise. Due to the fact that the mean return period is very sensitive to values of the CDF, in particular for larger events sizes, the uncertainty of the return period estimates was not insignificant but remained manageable. The point and interval estimates of source size CDF and hazard parameters so obtained were compared with the respective point estimates achieved from the inappropriate in the case of complex magnitude distributions, model-based approach.

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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Induced earthquakes; Rock bursts; Seismic hazard; Magnitude distribution; Non-parametric estimation
Application references: Seismic Hazard Assessment
Subjects: Methodology > Method and procesing > Probabilistic seismic hazard analysis - stationary > Aggregated solution
Methodology > Method and procesing > Probabilistic seismic hazard analysis – time-dependent
Region > Poland > Legnica-Glogow Copper District
Inducing technology > Underground mining
Project: IS-EPOS project > LGCD: Regional seismicity and ground motion associating underground hard rock mining